Study says heart attack rate rises during football matches

According to a health study recently published by Science Reports under Natural Science Research, from June 12 to July 13, 2014, people admitted to hospital for heart disease in Germany, compared with the same period (2013 and June 2015) 12 to July 13) compared to the increase, this phenomenon is related to the FIFA World Cup. But the World Cup has nothing to do with the higher heart disease mortality rate in the hospital, except on the day of the final battle between Germany and Argentina.

During the Euro 2020 game, the 29-year-old Danish star Eriksson fainted without confrontation and his heart stopped for a while. Fortunately, after a 13-minute cardiopulmonary resuscitation operation, Eriksson successfully regained consciousness. The incident was considered extremely rare and quickly attracted widespread attention.

Carsten Keller, a researcher from the University of Mainz, Germany, and his colleagues compared 4 time periods (from June 12 to July 13 during the World Cup, there were no major football matches in 3 time periods: The number of people admitted to hospital due to heart disease (or myocardial infarction, MI) from June 12 to July 13 in 2013 and 2015, and from July 14 to August 14 in 2014, and in-hospital mortality. Although the research team detected no statistical difference in the total number of MI patients in the hospital from 2011 to June and July 2015, the number of MI patients hospitalized in 2014 was the largest.

Researchers found that during the 2014 World Cup, Germany had 18,479 patients admitted to hospital for MI, which was 3.7% higher than the same period in 2015 (17,794 cases) and 2.1% higher than the same period in 2013 (18,089 cases), compared to July 14, 2014. From January to August 14th, it was 5.4% higher (17482 cases). During this period, there was no difference between the in-hospital mortality rate and the patient's background (such as cardiovascular risk factors or concomitant diseases).

The German national team's competition does not seem to have an impact on hospital admissions and mortality. However, the final day between Germany and Argentina (ending 1:0 after overtime) was the day with the highest hospital mortality during the World Cup. Researchers found that there was no difference in the type of MI treatment or admission rate between the German team's competition day and other World Cup games.

These findings may indicate that large-scale popular sports events such as the World Cup increase mental stress or affect the occurrence of cardiovascular events. Researchers believe that the study can provide a reference for hospitals to plan hospital capacity during periods of potential pressure increase.

Science and Technology Daily

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